Hemoglobin is oxygen carrying protein molecule, in the human body. It is present in the red blood cells. An adult hemoglobin molecule contains 2 alpha globulin chains and 2 beta globulin chains. It is important to maintain the optimum hemoglobin levels, in both men and women. high hemoglobin levels or low hemoglobin levels cause certain health problems.
The level of hemoglobin in the body is measured in terms of hemoglobin amount in grams per deciliter of the whole blood in the human body. The normal hemoglobin values range from person to person and depend upon the age. An adult male is considered healthy if the hemoglobin count is 14 to 18 gm/dl, while an adult female should have between 12 to 16gm/dl hemoglobin level. On the contrary, a middle-aged man should have hemoglobin count anywhere between 12.4 to 14.9 gm/dl, while a middle-aged woman should have 11.7 to 13.8 gm/dl hemoglobin count in the body.
Here is a simplified Hemoglobin levels chart.
|Age Group||Hemoglobin Count (gm/dl)|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in New Born Babies||17- 22|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in Children||11-13|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in Adults (Male)||14-18|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in Adults (Female)||12-16|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in Elderly (Male)||12.4-14.9|
|Normal Hemoglobin Levels in Elderly (Female)||11.7-13.8|
Different Hemoglobin Levels
Decreased hemoglobin levels result in a disease called as anemia. The decreased level can occur due to many reasons like accidental blood loss due to an injury, deficiency of iron and vitamin B-12, replacement of bone marrow due to leukemia, kidney failure and sickle cell anemia. Increased levels may be an attribute of some other reasons like rigorous smoking, certain tumors in the body, etc. While certain deficiencies and bad habits cause an increased or decreased hemoglobin count in many, some people suffer from this problem from birth.
Hemoglobin and Thalassemia
Thalassemia and sickle cell anemia are the two conditions in which the hemoglobin levels are deficit by birth. Thalassemia is a hereditary feature in many males and females all over the world. A severe deficiency may even result in death. Another decreased hemoglobin disease by birth is sickle cell anemia. In this, the shape of the red blood cells is not like the regular shape found in every individual. It is sickle cell shaped. However, it becomes a boon against malarial immunity.
Increase your Hemoglobin Levels
As discussed above that the reduced hemoglobin levels result in anemia. It is necessary to include iron rich food in your diet, if you suffer from this problem. The diet should be supplemented with food items like red meat, dried peas and beans, green leafy vegetables, radish, apricots, etc. In men a hemoglobin count less than 13.5 grams/ml blood and in women a hemoglobin count less than 12 grams/ 100 ml blood, is taken to be a state of anemia.
Hemoglobin Levels and Pregnancy
Women should be cautious about the hemoglobin levels in their body especially at the time of pregnancy. During early days of pregnancy 13 is a good count of hemoglobin. As the days progress, reduced level is an attribute of the expanding blood volume. Thus, overall maintaining normal hemoglobin level is essential for a healthy living in men as well as in women.