For those who have diabetes and are working on the problem, regular blood work tests are essential. The Hemoglobin A1c chart is one such important test.
What Does Your Hemoglobin A1c Chart Tell You
The Hemoglobin A1c chart allows a person to get a better idea of the level of blood sugar in a patient. It is also called bgb A1c test. Here a form of hemoglobin called glycated hemoglobin is measured to identify the average concentration of plasma glucose in the body. Here the blood sugar level or glucose is measured over a period of 3 months.
Hemoglobin A1c Chart
History of the Hemoglobin A1c Chart
Hemoglobin A1c was first found by Huisman and Meyering in 1958, but it was proposed to be used for monitoring the control of glucose metabolism in diabetics by Anthony Cerami, Ronald Koenig and coworkers in 1976. Thus the Hemoglobin A1c chart and test were created. It is used as a standard tool to determine blood sugar control in patients known to have diabetes. This test is recommended for those who might be pre-diabetic and for monitoring blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes mellitus. It measures the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the blood. It is a combination of hemoglobin and glucose. The Hemoglobin A1c chart allows doctors to determine how much sugar has been in the body for the 3 months of the red blood cells life, by measuring the amount of glycated in the blood. Due to this long period of time, doctors can get a complete picture of the patient’s health condition.
Here is a simplified table to determine blood sugar levels
|A1c(%)||Mean blood sugar (mg/dl)|
Hemoglobin A1c ranges
A normal person who doesn’t have diabetes will show a lower percentage, preferably below 6% (usually 5%). Any result above 7% is a clear sign that the patient can develop diabetic complications and must make changes to better manage this increased glucose level through diet, exercise, etc. People with type 1 diabetes may show results of 25% or higher. Another method of testing the level of glucose in our blood is by using a glucose meter. Here the patient has to prick his finger with the needle provided; then place the blood on the blood glucose meter which gives the value. A hemoglobin A1c chart offers a comparison between the A1c test and the glucose meter reading we take.
While the glucose meter reading is for a short term and the A1c test is for a term (3 months) results. The normal reading is 6% which is 135 mg/dl blood sugar. A hemoglobin A1c chart is a very good indicator of the condition of a diabetic patient. Thus a test needs to be taken at least twice in a year and should be done in addition to daily blood sugar testing.